Category: Nutrition and Health

Written by Noah Smith

Photo courtesy of Pixabay.

Diabetes is a condition that affects the way your body processes sugar and can cause considerable health problems. There are two main types: type 1 is developed at a young age, while type 2 is more preventable. Risk factors include “a family history of diabetes, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and high blood pressure,” states Care 2.  If you are one of the millions affected by this disease, it’s crucial that you take the time to properly care for yourself.

Here are some tips on making changes from the comfort of your own home.

Get in some workouts

Exercising regularly can vastly improve your blood sugar levels, help you lose weight, lower cholesterol, and avoid long-term complications that can accompany diabetes. According to, working out can even help reduce insulin sensitivity in type 1 diabetics.

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This is a guest post from Noah Smith at

Teens today have quite a bit to worry about, between pressures at school to perform well and fit in, the stress of figuring out higher learning and what comes next, and all the worries that come with social media. It can be difficult to know how to help when your teen begins to exhibit signs of anxiety–which can manifest into physical symptoms–but because anxiety can lead to depression and other mood disorders, it’s important to know what those warning signs are, how to help your child cope, and how to learn ways to prevent those feelings from coming back in the future.

Keeping the conversation open with your teen is a great start. That’s not always as easily done as one might hope, but showing your child that you understand what they’re going through–or are trying to–is an important part of helping her sort out her feelings, and it will help her learn to trust you.

Here are some of the best ways to help your teen with anxiety.

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Calorie counting is one of the best ways to lose weight, reduce the risk of heart disease, reduce the risk of stroke, control hypertension, and control diabetes mellitus. But, how many calories should you eat?

Quick answer: number of calories needed for you are calculated using your healthy body weight, sex, genetics, age and your daily activity. Of course, it is not 1200 calories daily for everyone. Let us make sense of this premise by understanding a few concepts and then calculating your actual daily caloric need.

Concept one: number of calories needed are the calories required to maintain your healthy body weight, i.e., your healthy self. You are not supposed to care and feed for the extra tissue you have gained. We want to eliminate this extra tissue by starving the cells and the accumulated material in in these cells that make up this extra tissue.

Concept two: composition of your body tissues, age, gender, genetics, and your daily activity further refines your daily caloric need. For example, a muscular person will need more calories compared to a less muscular person. Even when they have the same height and body weight. Similarly, an active person will need more calories compared to a sedentary person even when they both have equal height and weight.

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Note: this article focuses on type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes is a disease where glucose is unable to enter cells and help create energy packets called ATP. Think of ATP as tiny batteries used by the little machines working in our cells for various functions. In diabetes, glucose is available in the blood stream. Just not taken up by the cells.

Many pathologies can lead to diabetes mellitus. Most significant is the insulin resistance due to fat accumulation around viscera (visceral fat.) Insulin is the hormone that helps glucose get into a cell. Studies have shown that the fat accumulated under the skin (subcutaneous fat) is less harmful compared to the visceral fat. It is observed that exercise helps prevent accumulation of visceral fat. Japanese wrestlers, for example, have subcutaneous fat instead of visceral fat. This distribution pattern of fat in these wrestlers is due to regular exercise they do.

In diabetics, glucose that is unable to enter into the cells accumulates in the blood and the interstitial fluid. This extra volume of glucose harms various tissues. The most commonly affected structures are kidneys, nerves, eyes, and the blood vessels resulting in kidney failure, nerve damage, blindness, cataract, and heart attacks. Obviously, it is important to prevent glucose accumulation.

Let’s study various food classes and their contribution to the glucose peak. This will help us understand why we should modify our diet to manage diabetes mellitus.

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